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There’s a bunch of culprits for flaking, chapped lips: drier weather, dehydration, even friction from your face mask. Perhaps you have a favorite lip salve on hand to fill in those cracks—butmost of the time,a trusty balm is more of a quick fix than a long-term solution. Best to get to the bottom of what’s causing the chap in the first place so you can target the source.   

Well, according to dermatologist Angelo Landriscina, M.D., there’s another reason you may be facing a painful pout. He reveals in a recent TikTok video: “If you have chapped lips all the time, it might be because of your skin care.” Oh, do tell. 

How your skin care can cause chapped lips.  

The thinner the skin, the more gently you need to treat it. And second to the delicate under-eye area, the lips are the thinnest skin on your entire face. That said, even if your face can handle potent active ingredients (retinoids, AHAs or BHAs, and the like), the skin around your lips may need a bit of a buffer. 

OK, so you’re not actually applying these ingredients to your lips during your routine (unless you’re opting for, say, a lip peel), but according to Landriscina, “It’s actually pretty easy for most products to transfer onto your lips, especially cleansers.”

If you use an acid-containing wash in your skin care routine, it’s quite easy for those ingredients to splash onto your lips as you massage them in. Patting in serums or overnight treatments makes it a little easier to avoid the area, but those ingredients can still make their way to your lips—and thus, an irritated pout. 

What to do about it.

“So how do you prevent the chap?” Landriscina proposes. You can, of course, just do your best to avoid your lip area when cleansing and applying those active ingredients. But unless you’re super meticulous about it, said ingredients can still get a little too close to the Cupid’s bow. If you really want to go the extra mile, he suggests applying a lip balm or thick ointment to your lips before starting your entire routine. 

The oily substance acts as a barrier between your skin and those potentially irritating actives (similar to how derms recommend diluting retinoids with an eye cream or moisturizer before smearing on under the eyes). That way, even if those ingredients unintentionally make their way to your lips, they won’t act as potent. Plus, you’re simultaneously hydrating your lips with conditioning, plumping ingredients—which can help any leftover flakes (from, say, a dip in temperature) subside. 

The takeaway.

Sure, cracked lips might be a product of dry weather or just dehydration in general, but if you’re swiping on ointments to no avail, know that it’s not you—it might just be your skin care. Especially if you’re one to use potent retinoids or chemical exfoliants (even niacinamide can be irritating on super-sensitive skin, says Landriscina), those ingredients can transfer onto your lips and cause some unforgiving chap. 

Source: https://www.mindbodygreen.com/articles/dry-chapped-lips-this-derm-says-to-check-your-skin-care?mbg_mcid=777:5f73cce5ce295106944208c8:ot:5c22b3f39799ec3cc6aecb97:1&mbg_hash=57103be3843e0e1cb6615f5efa797221&utm_source=mbg&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily_v2_20200930

Hydration is vital—full stop. Drinking an adequate amount of water helps support nearly every bodily function, including immune supporttemperature regulation, and natural detoxification through the lymphatic system (aka healthy pee).

In an attempt to avoid dehydration, though, some people will overdo their water intake. Here’s why overhydration can be dangerous, how to tell if it’s happening to you, and just how much water you really should be drinking.

What are the dangers of drinking too much water?

Drinking water excessively can have a number of side effects, including muscle cramping from electrolyte imbalance and an increase in urine frequency. In extreme cases, drinking too much water can lead to fatal water intoxication, also known as water toxemia, water poisoning, or hyperhydration. 

“In overhydration an excess of water dilutes the electrolyte concentrations in the blood, causing imbalance throughout the body’s many systems,” physician Catherine Waldrop, M.D., tells mbg. Electrolytes, like sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium, are charged ions essential for many cellular processes. “When the concentration of electrolytes in the blood is too low, it makes nearly all cellular processes less efficient to nearly impossible,” she says. 

The most common electrolyte imbalance, which can be caused by drinking too much water, is called hyponatremia (aka low sodium in the blood). “Mild hyponatremia is characterized by gastrointestinal tract symptoms, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite,” one study says, whereas, more serious cases result in excess water and swelling in the brain, leading to seizures, comas, or impaired mental status.

This seemingly crazy phenomenon is more common for people going through intense training programs, including triathlon or ultramarathon runners, members of the military, or professional athletes. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, extreme thirst could also be triggered by medications like diuretics, or a symptom of high blood sugar. ADVERTISEMENT

Signs you’re drinking too much water (aka symptoms of overhydration):

1. Your pee is clear. 

One way to keep track of your water intake is by looking at the color of your urine. According to urologist Vannita Simma-Chiang, M.D., a light yellow is the ideal pee color. 

“If your urine is a really dark yellow, you’re probably not drinking enough,” she previously told mbg. But if your urine is clear, that’s a sign you’re drinking way too much. “At that point, your body is just dumping water,” she says.

If this is the case, don’t panic. It’s not always dangerous to have clear urine, Simma-Chiang says. However, it is the body’s way of signaling that you’ve had plenty to drink. Take note of that, and hold off on sipping until you feel thirsty again.  

2. You’re going pee a lot more frequently than normal. 

The average, healthy person will pee every three to four hours, Simma-Chiang says. Any more than that, there’s a good chance they’re overhydrating. When you drink too much water, you’re driving that process of water in, water out, she says. “It’s gotta go somewhere, right?”

Aside from the dangers of overhydration, going back and forth to the bathroom all day long is distracting, and having your sleep disrupted by a full bladder can be even worse. 

3. Your muscles are cramping. 

Because of the electrolyte imbalance, namely low sodium, it’s not uncommon to experience muscle cramping, weakness, or spasms, as a side effect of overhydration. “When the body sweats, both water and electrolytes are secreted on the skin, so it’s essential to keep replacing both to avoid both dehydration and overhydration,” Waldrop says.   

To replace electrolytes, Waldrop recommends drinking an electrolyte-infused beverage, taking electrolyte supplements, or eating a snack that contains electrolytes. “A banana with salted peanut butter could be a good option,” she suggests. 

4. You’re drinking when you’re not thirsty. 

“Everybody wants to be healthy, and one way to be healthy is to stay hydrated,” Simma-Chiang says. “But people can take it to an extreme.” For example, drinking from a gallon water bottle every day is probably too much for the average person. 

Unless you’re feeling thirsty, or your throat and mouth are dry, you probably don’t need to take that extra sip (or chug). One way to keep track of this is by keeping a voiding diary: what you’re drinking and how much you’re drinking, she says.  

5. You’re experiencing more severe symptoms.

“Signs of overhydration include nausea, vomiting, headache, and mental confusion,” Waldrop says. “Commonly, people can also experience fatigue, muscle cramping, lightheadedness, and dizziness. In very severe cases, seizure, coma, or death can result.” 

How much water should you be drinking? 

The “right” amount of water varies from person to person, depending on age, sex, activity level, and more, so there’s no direct answer to this. In general, drinking water when you feel thirsty or any time you’re losing fluids (think sweating or when you’re sick), or if your urine appears dark yellow, it’s a good idea to grab for the water. 

“People who live in hot and/or dry climates or are very physically active will likely need higher levels of fluid intake,” Waldrop says. “Women who are pregnant or nursing will also likely need to drink more fluids.” 

Certain diseases, particularly in the kidneys, can also make it difficult to process fluids and electrolytes, she adds. If you think (or know) you’re affected by this, it’s a good idea to consult a doctor. 

Bottom line.

As critical as hydration is, overhydration has its dangers. Moderating your water intake and keeping an eye on your urine color are two helpful ways to avoid unwanted side effects of excess fluid consumption.

Source: https://www.mindbodygreen.com/articles/overhydration?mbg_mcid=777:5f714c96ce295103ae0fd40a:ot:5c22b3f39799ec3cc6aecb97:1&mbg_hash=57103be3843e0e1cb6615f5efa797221&utm_source=mbg&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily_v2_20200928

The new study, conducted by a government-backed research center in Japan, found that face shields do not stop the spread of COVID-19 without a mask covering underneath.

face shield

The use of plastic face shields without a face mask covering underneath is largely ineffective at stopping the spread of COVID-19, a new study shows.

Riken, a government-backed researcher center in Kobe, Japan, conducted the study by using Fugaku, the world’s fastest supercomputer, according to the New York Times and the Guardian.

Results from the study reportedly proved that nearly 100 percent of airborne droplets less than 5 micrometers in size escaped through the plastic shields. In addition, about half of larger droplets measuring 50 micrometers found their way into the air, the Guardian reported.

Makoto Tsubokura, a team leader at Riken, strongly recommended that regular face masks be used instead of plastic face shields for protection from the virus.

“Judging from the results of the simulation, unfortunately the effectiveness of face guards in preventing droplets from spreading from an infected person’s mouth is limited compared with masks,” he told the Guardian.

face shield

GETTY

Tsubokura also said that those who have been advised to not wear face masks, such as people with respiratory issues or young children, can use face shields instead — but only outdoors or in properly ventilated indoor areas.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has also recommended wearing cloth facial coverings as opposed to face shields to help stop the spread of the virus.

Paris Covid

XINHUA/GAO JING VIA GETTY

While the United States has reported the most confirmed cases and deaths due to COVID-19, many states have reported declining cases due in part to local mask mandates.

South Carolina’s Department of Health and Environmental Control officials reported in August that areas where mask mandates are in place have “seen an overall decrease of 15.1 percent of total cases,” while cases in areas without a mask mandate rose by up to 30.4 percent.

Health officials in Kansas have reported similar findings, sharing that while new cases had dropped in counties with a mask mandate in place, there had been no decrease in areas without one.

“All improvements in case development comes from those counties wearing masks” Dr. Lee Norman said at a press conference last month, according to the Associated Press.

As of Wednesday, Sept. 23, there are at least 6.9 million cases of COVID-19 in the U.S., while over 200,000 people in the country have died from coronavirus-related illnesses, accoding to the NYT‘s database.

Source: https://www.health.com/syndication/plastic-face-shields-ineffective-stopping-spread-coronavirus

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