Archive for the ‘Abortion Information’ Category

The responsibilities we take on as adults often require us to leave behind the simplicity of childhood. Though we can’t ignore more pressing obligations, like working or raising a family, we can—and should—commit to keeping life interesting. In fact, recent research shows getting stuck in a rut, or sticking to a consistent routine, is bad for the brain. 

A study published in the Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences found engaging in diverse activities can improve cognitive functioning throughout adulthood. 

Researchers from the University of South Florida focused on seven common activities: 

  1. Paid work. 
  2. Spending time with kids.
  3. Completing chores.
  4. Participating in leisure time.
  5. Engaging in physical activity.
  6. Volunteering.
  7. Giving informal help. 

Every day for eight consecutive days, they asked more than 730 adults—between the ages of 34 and 84—how often they partook in those activities. The participants also reported the diversity in and the consistency of their engagement in those activities. 

The same participants were evaluated 10 years later on their cognitive functioning. Researchers used the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT) to measure the signs of aging. The assessment analyzes working memory span, verbal fluency, attention, speed of processing, reasoning, and verbal memory.

Results showed those whose schedules were more spontaneous had higher levels of cognitive functioning than the people who stuck to routine or engaged in passive activities, like binge-watching TV. 

While the thought of exerting more energy—social or physical—after a long day of work might sound dreadful, closing yourself off to social and intellectual experiences can accelerate cognitive decline. This commonly affects adults who retire early and have less social engagement

The “findings suggest that active and engaged lifestyles with diverse and regular activities are essential for our cognitive health,” said one author of the study, Soomi Lee, Ph.D.

“Participating in a variety of daily activities requires people to adjust to a variety of situations and engage in a greater diversity of behaviors,” which can keep mental functioning sharp. 

Along with delaying neurodegenerative disorders, in a prior study, Lee found switching things up can also benefit psychological well-being

So take a different route to work, and, if it’s nice out, consider walking; to meet new people, turn off the TV and join a club. These interruptions to your normal routine will not only create valuable memories but can also delay the progression of age-related diseases. 



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Imagini pentru Promoting the Battle Against Osteoporosis

As the Chinese general Sun Tzu said, if you “know the enemy and know yourself, then you need not fear the result of a hundred battles”. Knowing yourself is the most important thing. After this, you should know very well your enemy. Osteoporosis is a battle you will struggle with; it is a pathology that affects your whole system’s foundation, the bones. When they start to fail, life becomes more difficult, and activities people regularly do, such as walking, running, dancing or just moving, are difficult to perform.

Osteoporosis appears more in older adults. Age does not come alone; often old age brings deterioration and bone wear. But there are ways to prevent it and prolong a good quality of life. Following a healthy lifestyle and providing the body with the necessary minerals and vitamins when you are young make a big difference in adulthood.

It is estimated that in the United States, osteoporosis is a health threat to more than 44 million women and men aged 50 years or older. According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, it is estimated that 14 million more people will have the disease by 2020 if they do not take appropriate steps stop this disease.

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes low bone mass, deterioration of bone tissue and therefore people will have more risk of suffering a fracture. This disease increases the cavities within them, expanding the air inside and making them prone to fractures. Osteoporosis can be so severe that simply coughing can cause a serious fracture.

Osteoporosis Symptoms

Osteoporosis is a disease with no symptoms, but as it progresses and bone fragility occurs, low bone mass and multiple bone fractures occur. Also possible are:

  • Back pain, caused by the rupture or collapse of a vertebra.
  • Loss of height over time due to vertebral crushing.
  • Bent posture caused by pain.
  • Repeated bone fractures.

Osteoporosis is linked with menopause because when reaching a certain age bone mass begins to reduce, increasing the risk of suffering from this disease. Upon reaching menopause women stop producing estrogen, a hormone that helps to keep bones strong. Postmenopausal women are most at risk of bone problems (four times more so than men).

What Causes Osteoporosis?

The cause internally is the poor growth of bone. There may be an imbalance between formation of new bone and poor calcium absorption of old bone. Several factors cause this disease; the most common are:

  • Old age.
  • Weight loss.
  • Immobility of the body for a long time.
  • Genetic and hereditary factors.
  • Hormonal factors.

There are other risk factors that increase the probability of developing osteoporosis, divided into two main categories:

  • Modifiable factors

Bad diet or unhealthy life choices: Eating foods that lead to a poor diet and cause weight loss; alcohol, smoking, low calcium intake, eating disorders, vitamin D deficiency and sparse exercise due to a sedentary lifestyle.

  • Fixed factors

These come from a genetic origin, including age, sex, ethnicity, family history, menopause, previous fractures and history of hysterectomy.

Prevention of Osteoporosis

Bones are alive and growing constantly. It is necessary to take care of them to ensure proper functioning. To prevent this disease it is essential to maintain a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, to exercise, prevent falls and to get regular medical checkups with bone densitometry tests.

Proper diet

Try to have a diet rich in calcium. It is essential as it helps reduce the risk of osteoporosis. The amount of calcium consumed depends on age. For people 19 years or older, it is necessary to have 1000 milligrams (mg) a day. Women 51 years or older and all adults 71 years and older should have a daily intake of 1200mg. Recommended products to maintain these levels include:

  • Cheese, milk and yogurt.
  • Green, leafy vegetables.
  • Cereals at breakfast.
  • Fish with soft bones such as salmon.

Vitamin D

It goes hand in hand with calcium since it helps absorb it. It is recommended to eat saltwater fish and liver. However, the most significant source of vitamin D is sun exposure, which is why moderate and regular exposure to sunlight is important.

Calcium and Vitamin K

The Dilatational Band Formation in Bone study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America magazine reveals that bone loss is not only linked to a lack of calcium but also to a lack of the osteocalcin protein. Lack of this protein increases the risk of fractures since it inhibits calcification, osteocalcin, metabolized mainly by vitamin K, is vital.

You can find vitamin K in green, leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli and Brussels sprouts. Lettuce, parsley, avocado, kiwis and some vegetable oils contain this vitamin to a lesser extent. Two tablespoons of parsley or olive oil, which have considerable amounts of vitamin K, is enough to provide the body with the necessary daily amount.

Exercises to Keep Bones in Shape

Limit alcohol consumption, avoid smoking and exercise regularly to promote healthy bones. Exercises that help bones to gain strength and increase density are:

  • Dumbbells.
  • Walking.
  • Jogging.
  • Yoga.
  • And exercises to promote flexibility and balance.

Additionally, a bone density checkup will help you to know if what you are doing is working. Talk to your healthcare professional about arranging this test.

Basic Osteoporosis Treatment

Basic treatment to slow or prevent the disease’s development aims to maintain healthy bone mass to prevent fractures, reduce pain and maximize the person’s ability to continue with their daily lives. The primary method is a drug therapy that stimulates bone formation and prevents bone fractures. Drugs that fight osteoporosis include:

  • Bisphosphonate.
  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators such as raloxifene.
  • Calcitonin (calcimar, miacalcin).
  • Parathyroid hormone and teriparatide.
  • RANK ligand (RANKL) inhibitors such as denosumab.


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It may seem inconsequential and yet it’s vitally important to your partnership.

What makes a marriage or long-term relationship work? You may think it’s all about romance such as giving great gifts or planning wonderful celebrations on birthdays and anniversaries. Or you may think it’s about great sex and keeping the passion alive.

Not so much. As Amy Alkon notes in an insightful Psychology Today post, thinking you can preserve your relationship with grand gestures on special holidays is “doing the romantic version of cramming for an exam.” While that approach may have gotten you through college, it’s how you show up all year long that will make or break a long-term relationship.

In fact, according to fascinating research by psychologists John Gottman and Janice Driver, it has a lot to do with how couples respond to each other’s small bids for attention throughout the day. A small bid for attention may not have anything to do with romance. The Gottman Institute offers 14 examples of small bids for attention and many of them are small requests, such as to help with a simple task. Others are asking for a little bit of interaction, as when your partner wants to tell you about the book he or she is reading, or asks you about your day. Or it may be a bid for approval: “How do I look?” “How’s that meal I cooked?”

There are three different ways you (or your partner) can respond to a small bid for attention. The first is what Gottman calls to “turn toward” your partner. You perform the small task you were asked to do, or you listen attentively to the description of the book and maybe ask a couple of questions about it, or, when asked, you tell your partner what kind of day you’ve had and how you’re feeling. A second option is to reject the bid for attention, for example, you say you can’t walk the dog right now because you have to make an important phone call. You tell your partner you don’t feel like talking about your day, you’d rather veg in front of the TV instead. 

Rejecting a partner’s bid for attention isn’t great, but it isn’t the worst thing you can do because it leaves room for more conversation or negotiation. For example, your partner could ask if the phone call can wait ten minutes while you take out the dog, of if it’ll be a quick phone call and you can walk the dog right after. The worst thing, but something we all do sometimes, is to miss the bid for attention altogether. When your partner asks if a meal is all right, you might take that question literally — yes, it’s edible and will satisfy your hunger — and so you say “It’s fine,” and move on to something else. But the subtext is that your partner wanted you to show appreciation by complimenting the food and maybe saying thank you for cooking it. If you don’t respond to that bid for attention because you missed it, that’s what Gottman calls “turning away” from your partner.

Turning away kills relationships.  

How important is it that you respond well to these small bids for attention (and that your partner does the same for you?) Surprisingly important. Six years after observing the newlyweds, Gottman and Driver checked back with them. The ones who were still together had turned toward each other, on average, 86 percent of the time as newlyweds, when faced with a bid for attention. Those who had split up had only turned toward each other an average 33 percent of the time. 

This research feels very relevant to me because I’m a busy writer with a home office and my husband Bill is a musician who is often out performing in the evenings, but during the day is usually home having free time. After hours of conference calls, phone interviews, and pounding out copy, I often feel most like watching Netflix or curling up with a book, but he usually wants to chat about whatever he read or watched online that day. Sometimes it feels deeply wrong to me that when I’m finally done working and could watch a video that I choose, I should instead listen patiently while he describes the videos that fascinate him and not me. So, more often than I should, I reject his attention bid and tell him I don’t feel like talking, or don’t feel like hearing about whatever he’s telling me. 

Fortunately for both of us, Bill is smart about relationships and so if I miss or ignore a bid for attention, he’ll call me on it right away, saying something like, “Did you hear what I said? Do you have any response?” And when I reject his bids too often, he calls me on that too, reminding me that he needs my attention and interaction even if I am preoccupied by other things. 

On the other hand, through negotiation, we’ve learned some workable boundaries. For example, he knows that I won’t respond well to repeated bids for attention if I’m deep into a book, and so he’s learned when that’s the case to leave me alone.

After more than two decades, it’s safe to say our relationship is a keeper. And yet, it’s important to keep working on this seemingly small thing because no relationship is ever really a done deal. What about you? How do you respond to your partner’s small bids for attention? And how does your partner respond to yours?


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